Tiny, invisible particles of pollution penetrate deep into our lungs, bloodstream and bodies. These pollutants are responsible for about one-third of deaths from stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and lung cancer as well as one quarter of deaths from heart attack. Ground-level ozone, produced from the interaction of many different pollutants in sunlight, is also a cause of asthma and chronic respiratory illnesses.
Short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) are among those pollutants most linked with both health effects and near-term warming of the planet. They persist in the atmosphere for as little as a few days or up to a few decades, so reducing them can have an almost immediate health and climate benefits for those living in places where levels fall.
of lung cancer deaths
of COPD (pulmonary disease) deaths
of stroke deaths
of heart disease deaths
Global warming increases the intensity of storms, droughts and heat waves, and expands the zones of transmission for many vector-borne diseases transmitted by mosquitoes (e.g. malaria) or other insects and pests.
Black carbon speeds up glacier and mountain snow & ice melt, leading to loss of water storage in these “ice reservoirs” increased drought, and exacerbating local weather extremes.
Ozone reduces crop growth and agricultural productivity, which in turn reduce food security and leads to undernutrition.